Ayurveda means science of life, which is based on Atharva Veda , one of the oldest scriptures of Hindus. Ayurveda was perceived by god Brahma and he taught it to his disciples, Atreya Samprudaya and Dhanvanthari samprudaya are the two samprudaya of Ayurveda .The object of Ayurveda is to counteract the imbalance of Tridoshas from which the body originates .
Ayurveda or ayurveda medicine is a system of traditional medicine native toIndia and a form of alternative medicine. In Sanskrit, words yus, meaning "longevity", and veda, meaning "knowledge" or "science".They are among the foundational works of Ayurveda. Over the following centuries, ayurveda practitioners developed a number of medicinal preparations and surgical procedures for the treatment of various ailments. Current practices derived from Ayurveda medicine are regarded as part of complementary and alternative medicine.
Ayurveda,the oldest system of medicine in the world, traces its roots to the Vedic period in ancient India. The Vedas contain practical and scientific information on various subjects beneficial to the humanity like health, philosophy, engineering, astrology etc.
One view of the early history of ayurveda asserts that around 1500 BC, ayurveda's fundamental and applied principles got organized and enunciated. In this historical construction, Ayurveda traces its origins to the Vedas, Atharvaveda in particular, and is connected to Hindu religion. Atharvaveda contains 114 hymns or formulations for the treatment of diseases. Ayurveda originated in and developed from these hymns. In this sense, ayurveda is considered by some to have divine origin. Indian medicine has a long history, and is one of the oldest organised systems of medicine.Ayurveda is a complete or holistic system that integrates the mind, body and spirit.
After India gained its independence in 1947, Ayurveda gained ground and new schools began to be established. Although Ayurveda remains a secondary system of health care in India, the trend toward complementary care is emerging, and Western and Ayurvedic physicians often work side by side. The practical tenets of Ayurveda are divided into eight sections or branches. These eight sections are called "Astanga Ayurveda".
The ultimate goal of ayurveda is to create a state of holistic health for the individual, to create, consequently, a healthy society and environment with its herbal health remedies. To attain this state ayurveda believes one`s life must move in harmony with nature`s rhythms and its laws. Because, ayurveda medicine recognizes the human body is part of nature, rather a microcosm of the universe.